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Carl's Corner

Carl Hudson
March 14, 2018 | Carl Hudson

Fermentation Science – Good Stuff!

We all enjoy the benefits of fermentation science, but do we really know very much about the subject? Fermentation is the key to creating alcoholic beverages, and many other consumables. For wine (beer, liquors, etc.), fermentation is the biological process by which sugar molecules are converted to ethyl alcohol plus carbon dioxide and heat. There are other by-products created during fermentation that add subtle nuances of flavor and texture to wines. Since this is so important to creating our favorite beverage, it seems an appropriate subject for Carl’s Corner.  Continue »

Carl Hudson
February 28, 2018 | Carl Hudson

TWGGA’s Wine Press Award 2018-A Surprise and an Honor

The 2018 Texas Wine and Grape Growers Association annual meeting was held last week (22,23,24-Feb-2018) in Irving (Los Colinas area), TX, at the Irving Convention Center. This was the largest TWGGA meeting ever, both in terms of attendees and exhibitors. These meetings represent, to me, at least, a wonderful Texas Wine Industry “Family Reunion,” one where you have a great time and get to drink a lot of good wine with the people who grew the grapes and made the wine. This year was no exception. However, there was one big difference for me as I was awarded the TWGGA Wine Press Award 2018. WOW!  Continue »

Carl Hudson
February 14, 2018 | Carl Hudson

Does Wildfire Smoke Damage Wines

In October, 2017, significant portions of California Wine Country were besieged by wildfires that damaged or destroyed many homes, some wineries, and a few vineyards in Napa, Sonoma, Mendocino, Lake, Butte, and Solano Counties. Most of us stared in disbelief at the TV news stories, and somewhere in the back of our minds was the question, “How will these wildfires and the smoke they produced impact the California wines that I know and enjoy?” This post covers some of the key issues and points-of-fact involved in this unfortunate, and sometimes tragic situation.  Continue »

Carl Hudson
February 1, 2018 | Carl Hudson

Wine Club February, 2018

The Holiday Season is now past. Texas weather, as expected, is weird! And, another 4.0 Cellars Wine Club Release is upon us. The Wine Club Pickup Parties are scheduled on Sundays: 4-Feb & 11-Sep. If you would like to join the party and share time with lots of other club members, check the website ( and make your reservations. We would love to share your company, and remember that you can enjoy the 30% discount on wine purchases (on-site or online) on Club Sundays and during the week in between.  Continue »

Carl Hudson
January 17, 2018 | Carl Hudson

Vermentino – Quality White Grape in Texas

More and more, Italian grape varietals are showing up in wines at Texas wineries and tasting rooms. Probably the key reason for this is that these grapes prosper in hot, arid, sunny areas of Texas that are similar in climate to important Italian growing regions that are hilly, if not downright mountainous, limited in rainfall, and blessed with maritime influenced, rock-strewn, sandy, calcium-rich soils.  Continue »

Carl Hudson
January 5, 2018 | Carl Hudson

Wintertime in the Vineyard

Several times during the holidays I was asked about what goes on in the vineyard during wintertime. After the fruit harvest, the vines slow down their growth and begin to prepare themselves for fall and winter. Winter is basically a quiet time for the vineyard manager and vineyard workers, however there are several tasks that require attention while the vines essentially go dormant for a period.  Continue »

Carl Hudson
December 20, 2017 | Carl Hudson

Vintage 2017 – The Best Ever in Texas?

By now you have probably heard accolades and high praise from Texas growers and vintners about the bountiful and high quality grape harvest for 2017. The fruit was ripe, rich in color and flavor, and “California-esque” according to some. This bodes well for the 2017 vintage white and rose’ wines that will be released in 2018, and the red wines that will follow in 2019. My recommendation is to get your cellars and your bank accounts ready for some wonderful wines from 2017. Was this the best Texas vintage ever? Let’s look back and consider that question.  Continue »

Carl Hudson
December 6, 2017 | Carl Hudson

Sparkling Wines –Holiday Treats

With Christmas and the New Year just around the corner, this seemed like a good time to highlight sparkling wines. Sparkling wines can be produced by a number of different methods, from essentially any grape, be white, rosé or red, and range from sweet to totally dry. And, they usually conjure up visions of celebrations and special occasions.  Continue »

Carl Hudson
November 21, 2017 | Carl Hudson

Holiday Wines and the Thanksgiving Feast

When most of us think about Thanksgiving, family, friends, and that traditional feast all come to mind. It is certainly a special time of the year, and one of the most treasured traditions here in the United States of America. For me, and many others, that Thanksgiving feast will be accompanied by several special bottles of wine selected to pair with all those amazing food items that tend to be served during the holiday.  Continue »

Carl Hudson
November 8, 2017 | Carl Hudson

Sulfites - Why are they in my Wine?

Over the past several weeks, the subject of preservatives in wines has been raised several times during tastings at 4.0 Cellars. By far, the most common and important preservative used for and found in wines are sulfites. The sulfite ion is an effective antioxidant, and is used to help preserve numerous prepared food products. It has been some time since last writing on this subject, but since there remain many questions about sulfites, as well as many misconceptions, this edition of Carl’s Corner is focused on sulfites and their key role in the wine industry.  Continue »

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